Некоторые вопросы изучения памятников сяньбийской эпохи

Авторы

  • Айдын Сенгалиевич Жунисханов
  • Азат Айткали

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.52967/akz2021.4.14.38.49

Ключевые слова:

археология, письменные источники, Сяньби, хунну, археологические исследования

Аннотация

Сяньби (кит. 鮮卑 (Шянбэй) сяньбэй) – полиэтническая общность, возникшая в нач. І тыс. н.э. на просторах Центральной Азии. В начале ІІ в. н.э. под натиском сяньбийцев распалась хуннская империя. После этих событий в Центральной Азии устанавливается политическое господство сяньби. Полиэтническая общность сяньбийцев сыграла значительную роль в древней истории Казахстана. Научных работ по истории сяньби на казахском языке чрезвычайно мало, что обусловило актуальность данной работы. История изучения сяньбийцев начинается с переводов древнекитайских текстов Н.Я. Бичуриным, Н.В. Кюнером и В.С. Таскиным. Впервые в научный оборот понятие «сяньбийский период» ввел Г.Е. Грумм-Гржимайло. На основе полученных археологических данных из Северного Китая, Монголии и Сибири ученые по-новому начали осмысливать историю сяньби. В Казахстане изучение археологических памятников сяньбийцев (рук. З. Самашев) проводится систематично начиная с 2016 г. роизведены антропологические и генетические исследования, а также радиоуглеродный анализ материалов. В результате чего были уточнены вопросы связанные с расселением сяньбийцев на территории современного Восточного Казахстана.

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Загрузки

Опубликован

2021-12-27

Как цитировать

Жунисханов, А. С., & Айткали, А. (2021). Некоторые вопросы изучения памятников сяньбийской эпохи. Археология Казахстана, 14(4), 38–49. https://doi.org/10.52967/akz2021.4.14.38.49

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Раздел

Вопросы археологии