О становлении археозоологии в Казахстане (к 95-летию со дня рождения Л.А. Макаровой)

Авторы

  • Мамбет Сапарбекович Шагирбаев

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.52967/akz2021.4.14.148.169

Ключевые слова:

археология, археозоология, Казахстан, Л.А. Макарова, остеология, животноводство, охота

Аннотация

В статье рассматривается вклад Лидии Александровны Макаровой в развитие археозоологии Казахстана. Дается краткое описание сведений, касающихся жизни и деятельности исследователя. Л.А. Макарова первая в отечественной археологии занималась изучением костных остатков животных, разрабатывала вопросы о роли животноводства и охоты в древности и средневековье. В данной статье приводится обзор публикаций, посвященных археозоологическим исследованиям специалиста. Работы рассмотрены в хронологическом порядке; проведен сравнительный анализ ряда ее выводов. Археозоологические источники (количество костей, сохранность и т. д.) в работах Л.А. Макаровой сопоставлены с данными, хранящимися в архиве Института археологии им. А.Х. Маргулана. Составлена карта памятников, остеологические материалы которых изучались Л.А. Макаровой. Как территориально, так и хронологически охват исследований масштабен. В числе рассматриваемых памятников – стоянки Караунгир, Виноградовка XIV, датируемые мезолито-неолитическим периодом; стоянки Шалкия 1 и Тельмана – неолит-энеолита; многочисленные поселения и могильники эпохи бронзы – раннего железного века, а также средневековые городища (Отрар, Культобе, Талгар). Научные выводы, сделанные Л.А. Макаровой, анализируются и сопоставляются с последующими исследованиями.

Библиографические ссылки

Akishev, K. In: Archive of the A.Kh. Margulan Archaeology Institute. Fund 11, inv. 2, dossier 429 (in Russian).

Akishev, K. A., Baipakov, K. M., Erzakovich, L. B. 1972. Drevniy Otrar (topografiya, stratigrafiya, perspektivy) (Ancient Otrar (topography, stratigraphy, prospects)). Alma-Ata: Publishing House of the Academy of Sciences of the Kazakh SSR (in Russian).

Akymbek, Ye. Sh., Shagirbayev, M. S. 2020. In: Kazakhstan Archeology, 2 (8), 114-122 (in Kazakh).

Alpysbayev, Kh. A. 1969. In: Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences of the KazSSR. The series is public, 2, 83-91 (in Russian).

Arslanova, F. Kh. 1966. In: Archive of the A.Kh. Margulan Archaeology Institute, fund 11, inv. 2, dossier 1017 (in Russian).

Arslanova, F. Kh. 1969. In: Archive of the A.Kh. Margulan Archaeology Institute, fund 11, inv. 2, dossier 1125 (in Russian).

Arslanova, F. Kh. 1970. In: Archive of the A.Kh. Margulan Archaeology Institute, fund 11, inv. 2, dossier 1175 (in Russian).

Arslanova, F. Kh. 1971. In: Archive of the A.Kh. Margulan Archaeology Institute, fund 11, inv. 2, dossier 1229 (in Russian).

Arslanova, F. Kh. 1972. In: Archive of the A.Kh. Margulan Archaeology Institute, fund 11, inv. 2, dossier 1292 (in Russian).

Arslanova, F. Kh. 1973. In: Sovetskaya arсheologiа (Soviet archaeology), 4, 160-168 (in Russian).

Akhinzhanov l/d 27 – In: Archive of the A.Kh. Margulan Archaeology Institute, fund 1, inv. 1, dossier 27 (in Russian).

Akhinzhanov, S. M., Makarova L.A., Nurumov T.N. 1992. K istorii skotovodstva i ohoty v Kazahstane (On the history of cattle breeding and hunting in Kazakhstan). Alma-Ata: Science (in Russian).

Baipakov, K. M. 1973. In: Akishev K.A. (ed.). Archaeological research in Kazakhstan. Alma-Ata: Publishing House of the Academy of Sciences of the Kazakh SSR, 71-81 (in Russian).

Bannikov, A. G. 1975. In: Priroda (Nature), 2, 63-69 (in Russian).

Beisenov, A. Z., Jumabekova G. S., Bazarbayeva, G. A. 2017. In: Beisenov, A. Z., Loman, V. G. (eds.). Archaeological heritage of Central Kazakhstan: study and preservation. Collection of scientific articles dedicated to the 70th anniversary of the organization of the CKAE of the Academy of Sciences of Kazakhstan. In 2 vols. Almaty: NICIA «Begazy-Tasmola» Publ., V. 1. 11-64 (in Russian).

Vereshchagin, N. K. 1971. In: Materials on the fauna of the anthropogen of the USSR, 69. Leningrad: “Nauka” Publ., 200-230 (in Russian).

Gromova, V. І. 1930. In: Doklady AN SSSR (Reports of the USSR Academy of Sciences). Series A, 4, 85-90 (in Russian).

Gromova, V. I. 1940. In: Grigoriev, G. V. Kaunchi-tepa. Tashkent: UzFAN Pub., 41-62 (in Russian).

Gromova, V. І. 1949. Istoriya loshadey (roda Equus) v Starom Svete (The history of horses (genus Equus) in the Old World). Moscow–Leningrad: Academy of Sciences of the USSR Publ. (in Russian).

Groshev, V. A. 1971. In: Archive of the A.Kh. Margulan Archaeology Institute, fund 11, inv. 2, dossier 1561 (in Russian).

Ermolova, N. M. 1976. In: Priroda (Nature), 10, 109-111 (in Russian).

Zaibert, V. F. 2009. Botayskaya kultura (Botay culture). Almaty: «KazAkparat» (in Russian).

Zdanovich, G. B. 1969. In: Archive of the A.Kh. Margulan Archaeology Institute, fund 11, inv. 2, dossier 1128 (in Russian).

Zdanovich, S. Ya., Zdanovich, G. B., Malyutina, T. S., Kalinin, V. V. 1973. In: Archive of the A.Kh. Margulan Archaeology Institute, fund 11, inv. 2, dossier 1337 (in Russian).

Kashkinbaev, K. 2013. Berelskie loshadi. Paleopatologicheskij aspekt issledovaniya (Berel horses. Paleopathological aspect of the study). Astana: Publishing group of the Branch of the A.Kh. Margulan Archaeology Institute (in Russian).

Kashkinbaev, K., Samashev, Z. 2005. Loshadi drevnih kochevnikov Kazahskogo Altaya (Horses of the ancient nomads of the Kazakh Altai). Almaty: “Dauіr” Publ. (in Russian).

Kozhamkulova, B. S. 1969. Antropogenovaya iskopaemaya teriofauna Kazahstana (Anthropogenic fossil theriofauna of Kazakhstan). Alma-Ata: “Nauka” Publ. (in Russian).

Kosintsev, P. A. 2017. In: Samashev, Z. (ed.). Ancient sanctuaries of Ustyurt and the Eastern Aral Sea region. Almaty: A.Kh. Margulan Archaeology Institute, 301-319 (in Russian).

Kosintsev, P. A., Samashev, Z. 2014. Berelskie loshadi. Morfologicheskoe issledovanie (Berel horses. Morphological examination). Astana: Publishing group of the Branch of the A.Kh. Margulan Archaeology Institute in Astana (in Russian).

Kuznetsova, E. F. 1998. In: Samashev, Z. (ed.). Voprosy arheologii Kazahstana (Issues of archeology of Kazakhstan), 2. Almaty: Gylym Publ., 9–10 (in Russian).

Krivtsova-Grakova, O. A. 1948. In: Trudy Gosudarstvennogo Istoricheskogo muzeya (Proceedings of the State Historical Museum), XVII, 57-181 (in Russian).

Loshakova, T. N. 2020. In: Kazakhstan Archeology, 4 (10), 47-69 (in Russian).

Makarova l/d 108 – In: Archive of the A.Kh. Margulan Archaeology Institute. Fund 1, inv. 1, dossier 108 (in Russian).

Makarova, L. A. 1955. Materialy po istorii fauny i flory Kazahstana (Materials on the history of fauna and flora of Kazakhstan). V. 1. Alma-Ata: Academy of Sciences of the Kazakh SSR Publ., 29-39 (in Russian).

Makarova, L. A. 1960. Materialy k konferentsii po zoogeografii sushi (Materials for the conference on zoogeography of dry land). 92-93 (in Russian).

Makarova, L. A. 1962. In: Cherepanov, A. I. (ed.). Problemy zoologicheskih issledovanij v Sibiri (M-ly vtorogo soveshchaniya zoologov Sibiri) (Problems of zoological research in Siberia (Proceedings of the Second Meeting of Zoologists of Siberia)). Gorno-Altaisk: Gorno-Altai Book Publ., 153-154.

Makarova, L. A. 1970. In: Kadyrbayev, M. K. (ed.). Po sledam drevnih kultur (In the footsteps of ancient cultures). Alma-Ata: Academy of Sciences of the Kazakh SSR Publ., 269-276 (in Russian).

Makarova, L. A. 1973. In: Akishev, K. A. (ed.). Arheologicheskie issledovaniya v Kazahstane (Archaeological research in Kazakhstan). Alma-Ata: Academy of Sciences of the Kazakh SSR Publ., 146-156 (in Russian).

Makarova, L. A. 1974. In: Akishev, K. A. (ed.). V glub vekov (Into the depths of centuries). Alma-Ata: Academy of Sciences of the Kazakh SSR Publ., 201-206 (in Russian).

Makarova, L. A. 1975. In: Akishev, K. A. (ed.). Drevnosti Kazahstana (Antiquities of Kazakhstan). Alma-Ata: Academy of Sciences of the Kazakh SSR Publ., 161-167 (in Russian).

Makarova, L. A. 1976a. In: Dinesman, L. G. (ed.). Istoriya biogeocenozov SSSR v golocene (The history of biogeocenoses of the USSR in the Holocene). Alma-Ata: Academy of Sciences of the Kazakh SSR Publ., 268-270 (in Russian).

Makarova, L. A. 1976b. In: Akishev, K. A. (ed.). Proshloe Kazahstana po arheologicheskim istochnikam (The past of Kazakhstan according to archaeological sources). Alma-Ata: Academy of Sciences of the Kazakh SSR Publ., 211-226 (in Russian).

Makarova, L. A. 1977. In: Akishev, K. A. (ed.). Arheologicheskie issledovaniya v Kazahstane (Archaeological research in Kazakhstan). Alma-Ata: Academy of Sciences of the Kazakh SSR Publ., 124-131 (in Russian).

Makarova, L. A. 1978. In: Akishev, K. A. (ed.). Arheologicheskie pamyatniki Kazahstana (Archaeological sites of Kazakhstan). Alma-Ata: Academy of Sciences of the Kazakh SSR Publ., 130-139 (in Russian).

Makarova, L. A. 1980. In: Archive of the A.Kh. Margulan Archaeology Institute. Fund 2, inv. 2, dossier 1786a (in Russian).

Makarova, L. A. 1980. In: Akishev, K. A. (ed.). Arheologicheskie issledovanie drevnego i srednevekovogo Kazahstana (Archaeological research of ancient and medieval Kazakhstan), Alma-Ata: Academy of Sciences of the Kazakh SSR Publ., 141-151 (in Russian).

Makarova, L. A. 1998. In: Taimagambetov, Zh. K. (ed.). Arheologicheskie kompleksy peshchery Karaungur (Archaeological complexes of the Karaungur cave). Turkestan: “Miras” Publ., 87-94 (in Russian).

Makarova, L. A. 2007. Biometriya loshadey dvuh Berelskih kurganov (Biometrics of horses of two Berel mounds). Astana: “Agroizdat” Publ. (in Russian).

Makarova, L. A., Nurumov, T. N. 1999. In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Kazakhstan, 1 (219), 70-79 (in Russian).

Makarova, L. A., Orlovskiy, E. R. 1961. Materialy po istorii fauny i flory Kazahstana (Materials on the history of fauna and flora of Kazakhstan). V. 3. Alma-Ata: Academy of Sciences of the Kazakh SSR Publ., 183-187 (in Russian).

Margulan, A. Kh. 1956. In: Archive of the A.Kh. Margulan Archaeology Institute. Fund 11, inv. 2, dossier 384 (in Russian).

Nurumov l/d 111 – In: Archive of the A.Kh. Margulan Archaeology Institute. Fund 11, inv. 119, dossier 111 (in Russian).

Orazbayev, A. M. 1957. In: Archive of the A.Kh. Margulan Archaeology Institute. Fund 11, inv. 2, dossier 425 (in Russian).

In: Archive of the A.Kh. Margulan Archaeology Institute. Fund 11, inv. 2, dossier 1249 (in Russian).

Savelieva, T. V. In: Archive of the A.Kh. Margulan Archaeology Institute. Fund 11, inv. 2, dossier 1314 (in Russian).

Savelieva, T. V. 1994. Osedlaya kultura severnyh sklonov Zailiyskogo Alatau v VIII–XIII vv. (po materialam raskopok gorodishcha Talgar i pamyatnikov ego periferii) (Sedentary culture of the northern slopes of the Trans-Ili Alatau in the VIII–XIII centuries (Based on the materials of the excavations of the Talgar settlement and the monuments of its periphery)), Almaty: “Nauka” Publ. (in Russian).

Samashev, Z. 2011. Berel. Almaty: “Taimas” (in Kazakh, Russian, English).

Taleev, D. A., Yerzhigitova, A., Shagirbayev, M. S. 2020. In: Zhumataev, R. S. (ed.). XІІ Orazbayev Readings. Almaty "Kazakh University", 201-209 (in Russian).

Tsalkin, V. I. 1952. In: Kiselev, S. V. (ed.). Materialy i issledovaniya po arheologii Sibiri (Materials and research on the archeology of Siberia), 1, 147-156. Moscow: USSR Academy of Sciences Publ. (in Russian).

Chernikov, S. S. 1960. Vostochnyi Kazakhstan v epokhu bronzy (Eastern Kazakhstan in the Bronze Age). Materialy i issledovaniia po arkheologii SSSR (Materials and Research in the USSR Archaeology), 88. Moscow: Academy of Sciences of the USSR (in Russian).

Загрузки

Опубликован

2021-12-27

Как цитировать

Шагирбаев, М. С. (2021). О становлении археозоологии в Казахстане (к 95-летию со дня рождения Л.А. Макаровой). Археология Казахстана, 14(4), 148–169. https://doi.org/10.52967/akz2021.4.14.148.169

Выпуск

Раздел

Междисциплинарные исследования

Наиболее читаемые статьи этого автора (авторов)